Карла Маркса улица — Проспект имени Карла Маркса центральная улица Днепропетровска, как в административном, так и в культурном и коммерческом смысле. Длина 5 километров. Историческое название Екатерининский проспект (1834 1923). Проспект имени Карла Маркса одна из… … Википедия
Карла Маркса улица (Тамбов) — Карла Маркса улица Тамбов Общая информацияТамбовТамбовская область … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Воронеж) — Карла Маркса (Старомосковская) улица Воронеж … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Гатчина) — Улица Карла Маркса Улица Гатчина Общая информацияГатчинаЛенинградская областьРоссия Страна Россия Регион Ленинградская область … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Владикавказ) — Улица Карла Маркса Владикавказ Общая информацияВладикавказСеверная ОсетияРоссия Страна Россия Город Владикавказ … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Челябинск) — Карла Маркса улица Челябинск … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Ульяновск) — Карла Маркса улица Общая информация Район Ленинский район Прежние названия Мясницкая, Дворцовая, Лассаля Протяжённость 3,2 км … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Пенза) — Карла Маркса улица Пенза Общая информация Район города Ленинский Истори … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса (Королёв) — Улица Карла Маркса Королёв … Википедия
Карла Маркса — населённый пункт: Россия Краснодарский край Карла Маркса хутор, Динской район Карла Маркса хутор, Крымский район Карла Маркса хутор в Тимашёвском районе Ростовская область Карла Маркса хутор в Целинском районе Саратовская область Карла Маркса… … Википедия
Улица Карла Маркса — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Карла Маркса … Википедия
Здесь вы можете прочитать биографию Карла Маркса на английском языке.
Karl Marx (05.05.1818 – 14.03.1883) – German philosopher
Karl Marx was a prominent German economist, philosopher, politician and a public figure. He was a founder of the theory of scientific socialism and the basics of Marxism. He was born in Prussia on May the 5th, 1818. His ancestors were of Jewish decent. Particularly, one of his grandfathers was a Dutch rabbi. His father was a relatively wealthy lawyer, who converted from Judaism to Protestant Christian prior to anti-Semitic craze. Little is known about the future philosopher’s childhood. When he was 17, he entered the University of Bonn. Later on, he transferred to the University of Berlin to study law. Starting from 1837, he was a devoted follower of Hegel’s philosophy. In 1841, he received a degree and became a Doctor of Philosophy. A year later his works appeared in “Rhineland News”. In October of 1842 he became the editor of this newspaper.
However, a year later the newspaper was banned as it supported the opposition of Prussian bourgeoisie. In June of 1843 he married the daughter of his father’s friend, who was an advisor. In autumn of the same year Marx moved to Paris, where he planned to lead a political journal. The only issue of his “German-French Annals” was released in February of 1844. It marked the final transition of the philosopher from idealism to materialism and from revolutionary democracy to communism. Residing in Paris, Marx took up the studies of political economy and French revolution. In 1844 he met Engels, who became his lifelong friend. Together they published “The Holy Family” – a criticizing book on Young Hegelians. In 1845, the Prussian authorities insisted that the newspaper where they worked in France be closed. After that, Karl had to move to Brussels. Engels joined him there a little later.
In 1849, Marx moved to London, where he stayed till the end of his life. There, he began the reorganization of Communist League and the re-establishment of the Central Committee. In 1850, Marx and Engels started publishing the political-economical revue. In September of 1864 he became a member of the International Workingmen’s Association. At the same time, he was the unofficial head of the governing body. During his life in London he collaborated with a number of proletarian and bourgeois newspapers, including the “New York Daily Tribune”. Apart from that he was working on the 2nd and 3rd volumes of the “Capital” and the translation of the 1st one. He helped to prepare the Russian edition of the book, which was published in 1872.
In the 1980s, his health became to deteriorate. He lost his wife in 1881 and his eldest daughter in 1883. The politician died on March 14th, 1883 and was buried in London. During his life he had seven children, but only three daughters survived. The youngest daughter, Eleanor, continued her father’s work and lead the British and international labor movement.
Karl Marx co-wrote the Communist Manifesto and took part in the early Communist movement.
Karl Heinrich Marx was born in Prussia on May 5, 1818. His family was Jewish, but his father became a Lutheran in order to practice law.
Marx’s father wanted him to become a lawyer, but Marx was interested in philosophy and literature. In 1841, he graduated in philosophy from the University of Berlin and hoped to teach at a university. This did not work out and he had to make his living as a journalist. In 1843, he moved to Paris, where he began his lifelong study of economics.
Marx was married in 1843, and he and his wife, Jenny, had seven children. He was a devoted father.
In 1845, he and his family moved to Belgium where he became active in the Communist movement. In 1848, he and Friedrich Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto. Between 1848 and 1849, Marx was expelled from Belgium, Germany, and France for his radical activities. Late in 1849, he and his family settled in London, where he lived out his life.
In London, Marx worked as a journalist and remained active in the Communist movement for several years. By 1872, he was mainly offering advice to radicals in other countries.
Over the years, Marx wrote countless newspaper articles, brochures, and reports. He was fluent in several languages and wrote particularly well in English. He also wrote five books. In 1867, his most famous book, Das Kapital (Capital), was published. In it, he explained his ideas on how economic systems shape history. He believed that a communist system would eventually replace capitalism. His book and his ideas have influenced many people and many governments around the world.
In the last 20 years of his life, Marx suffered ill health. By about 1870, his health prevented him from working as much as he would like. He died in London on March 14, 1883.`
Pre-Reading Warm Up Questions
- Do you know where Karl Marx was born?
- Have you ever heard of the Communist Manifesto? What do you think the word manifesto means?
- Can you explain the difference between communism and capitalism?
- Do you know the name of Karl Marx’s most famous book?
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